Cover of Ontario's Biodiversity Strategy 2011

The purpose of Ontario’s Biodiversity Strategy is to provide guidance and a common focus for biodiversity conservation in Ontario. It aims to build on the good work already being done, raise awareness of biodiversity values, facilitate the coordination of activities through synergies and partnerships and support and encourage the efforts of communities and individuals to conserve Ontario’s biodiversity.


Four strategic directions, or actions, reflect the critical components required to conserve Ontario’s biodiversity.

Each of the strategic directions is supported by long-term objectives and outcomes to focus our efforts, provide aspirations for achievement and establish a flexible framework through which all sectors can plan their biodiversity conservation activities.

The Strategy identifies the key actions needed to conserve Ontario’s biodiversity. Each action relates to one or more specific objectives and outcomes and contributes to achieving the Strategy’s vision and goals. This is not an exhaustive list; the actions that are taken will depend on provincial, regional and local priorities, availability of funding, opportunities to build on local experience and capacity and existing biodiversity conservation initiatives. The Ontario Biodiversity Council acknowledges that more specific actions may be required to address local or regional conservation priorities.

This Strategy also identifies broad roles and responsibilities for groups involved in implementing the recommended actions. These groups include all levels of government (federal, provincial, municipal, agencies), non-government organizations, sectors including business, health, education and science, the public and the Ontario Biodiversity Council and its working groups including the Biodiversity Education and Awareness Network and Stewardship Network of Ontario.

The success of this Strategy is tracked through 15 specific targets representing key areas of focus for biodiversity conservation in Ontario and supporting national and international initiatives (e.g., Aichi Biodiversity Targets). We have chosen to monitor and assess progress over a 10-year time frame to encourage ambitious actions that are planned and coordinated across sectors; actions that will ultimately lead to significant improvements in the state of Ontario’s biodiversity.

Download Ontario’s Biodiversity Strategy (PDF file)!